The arrival of the first free settlers from Great Britain c. The landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove 2. What are the colours of the Australian Aboriginal Flag? Black, red and yellow b. Green, white and black c. Blue, white and green 3. Which official symbol of Australia identifies Commonwealth property? The national anthem b. Which of the following is the beginning sentence of the Citizenship Pledge? Whose democratic beliefs I share.
Double majority. In a referendum, there needs to be a double majority for the Australian Constitution to be changed. Of the 6 Australian states, which is the smallest? The Government recognises that the mandatory nature of this provision has the potential to cause unfairness, for example if a person has been in Australia for a long period of time as a citizen but it is later discovered that they did not have an Australian citizen parent when they were born.
The Australian Citizenship Act currently provides that if a child is born in Australia and lives in Australia for 10 years then the child becomes an Australian citizen on his or her tenth birthday.
If passed, the Bill would mean that the 10 year rule no longer applies to several groups of children who were born in Australia. Broadly speaking, these groups are: .
Under this Bill, children born in Australia to parents who are asylum seekers and refugees may be denied citizenship when they turn 10 years old. There are two ways in which this could occur.
First, if a child is born in Australia to parents who are in immigration detention or in community detention, then the child will be an unlawful non-citizen when they are born. That is, it applies to children who have already been born in Australia, but who have not yet turned 10 years old, if they were unlawful non-citizens for any period of time, however brief.
Secondly, if a child is born in Australia to parents who arrived in Australia as unlawful non-citizens but had been released from immigration detention into the community on a bridging visa, then the child will be taken to have been granted a bridging visa when they are born.
Section 12 7 applies to children born in Australia after the commencement of the section. The child may have held valid visas and been lawfully present in Australia for his or her entire life, but will be denied citizenship under the 10 year rule because his or her parents arrived in Australia without a valid visa.
In its report to the Australian Government in , the Australian Citizenship Council noted that a central role of Australian citizenship laws in the foreseeable future would be to include migrants and humanitarian entrants as full participants in a multicultural Australian society.
While the purpose of this provision is to prevent a child from being afforded less protection by society and the State because he is stateless, it does not necessarily make it an obligation for States to give their nationality to every child born in their territory.
This Bill would discriminate against certain children who were born in Australia and have been lawfully present in Australia for up to 10 years and in some cases for the whole of their lives , based on the initial immigration status of their parents. The Explanatory Memorandum to the Bill does not deal with this issue at all, despite it being raised by the Commission in relation to the Bill. In some instances, the proposed changes to the 10 year rule may result in children facing long-term exclusion from effective citizenship.
This lack of access to effective citizenship may amount to de facto statelessness. For example, it has been argued that refugees, by virtue of being unable or unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of their country of nationality, are in effect de facto stateless. If children in these circumstances can no longer obtain citizenship under the 10 year rule, they may have no means of accessing effective citizenship and its associated rights.
Australia also has an obligation under Article 34 to of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees to facilitate and expedite the naturalisation of refugees. The ten-year rule has the practical effect of encouraging some temporary residents and unlawful non-citizens to have children in Australia and to keep their child onshore until at least their tenth birthday, whether lawfully or unlawfully.
People who do not meet the proposed requirements will no longer have an incentive to delay their departure from Australia until a child born to them in Australia has turned 10 years of age, in the expectation that the child will obtain citizenship and provide an anchor for family migration or justification for a ministerial intervention request under the Migration Act.
The major difference is that the fourteenth amendment to the US Constitution provides that all persons born in the United States are citizens of the United States. This is often referred to as jus soli or birthright citizenship.
The fourteenth amendment overruled the Dred Scott decision of the US Supreme Court in which had denied citizenship status to people of African descent born in the United States. Birthright citizenship was the legal position in Australia prior to but is no longer the position. Now, the 10 year rule provides that a person who is born in Australia and lives in Australia for 10 years after birth qualifies for citizenship. There may be good policy reasons not to provide citizenship to anyone born in Australia at the time of their birth.
We used at least major online citizenship exam preparation resources both free and paid. None of them even remotely close to the level of detail and systematization of this site. Both of us scored 20 out of 20 on exam and it was really a piece of cake after we went through this training. Green and blue. Green and gold. Question 9: What does having a parliamentary democracy mean? Only parliament members are involved in how the country is governed. All Australians are involved in how the country is governed.
Only parliament members can vote. Australia currently seems to lie somewhere in the middle. Blog entries. Applicants have 45 minutes to complete the test. Scheduling a time to take the test can be done by the DIAC. Wait times vary widely, and applicants may need to wait a considerable amount of time. St George. St Patrick.
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